territoriality, and sovereignty in Africa’, CODESRIA Bulletin (): Mbome, F.X. () ‘Les relations entre le Cameroun et le Nigeria: L’affaire Bakassi’. Affaire Bakassi: genèse, évolution et dénouement de l’affaire de la frontière terrestre et maritime Cameroun-Nigeria (). Responsibility: Guy Roger . “Les Relations entre le Cameroon et le Nigeria: 1’affaire Bakassi,” Afrique , no. 25 () The author reviews the long-standing territorial dispute.
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The peninsula is commonly described as “oil-rich”, though in fact no commercially bakaswi deposits of oil have been discovered. Archived from the original on 13 August Nigeria relied largely on Anglo-German correspondence dating from as well as treaties between the colonial powers and the indigenous rulers in the area, particularly the Treaty of Protection.
Views Read Edit View history. This enabled the British Empire to exercise control over the entire territory around Calabar, including Bakassi. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Bakassi – Wikipedia
This makes the Affaire area a very fertile fishing ground, comparable only to Newfoundland in North America and Scandinavia in Western Europe. Retrieved 31 March Rosenne’s the World Court: The Nigerian government fafaire not, however, openly reject the judgment but instead called for an agreement that would provide “peace with honour, with the interest and welfare of our people.
It instructed Nigeria to transfer possession of the peninsula, but did not require the inhabitants to move or to change their nationality. Retrieved from ” https: The case was extremely complex, requiring the court to review diplomatic exchanges dating back over years.
These two ocean currents interact, creating huge foamy breakers which constantly advance bzkassi the shore, and building submarine shoals rich in fish, shrimps, and a wide variety affaite other marine life forms. It aroused vitriolic comments from Nigerian officials and the Nigerian media alike. Retrieved 5 November What it is and how it Works. It lies between the Cross River estuary, near the city of Calabar in the west of the Bight of Biafra, and the Rio del Ray estuary on the east.
However, documents released by the Cameroonians, in parity with that of the British and Germans, clearly places Bakassi under Cameroonian Territory as a consequence of colonial era Anglo-German agreements. The outcome of the controversy was a de facto Nigerian refusal to withdraw its troops from Bakassi and transfer sovereignty. Most of the population make their living through fishing.
The ICJ judgment was backed up by the United Nationswhose charter potentially allowed sanctions or even the use of force to enforce the court’s ruling. Annan said, “With today’s agreement on the Bakassi peninsula, a comprehensive resolution of the dispute is within our grasp. However, Nigeria never ratified the agreement, while Cameroon regarded it as being in force.
Nigeria began to withdraw its forces, comprising some 3, troops, beginning 1 Augustand a ceremony on 14 August marked the formal handover of the northern part of the peninsula. This secession was announced on 9 Julyas the “Democratic Republic of Bakassi”. Nigeria and Cameroon have disputed the possession of Bakassi for some years, leading to considerable tension between the two countries.
In the two countries went to the brink of war over Bakassi and another area around Lake Chadat the other end of the two countries’ common border. Obasanjo agreed to withdraw Nigerian troops within 60 days and to leave the territory completely in Cameroonian control within the next two years.
Retrieved 18 January Cameroon pointed to the Anglo-German treaty ofwhich defined sphere of control in the region, as well as two agreements signed in the s between Cameroon and Nigeria.
Secretary-General Kofi Annan stepped in as a mediator and chaired a tripartite summit with the two countries’ presidents on 15 Novemberwhich established a commission to facilitate the peaceful implementation of the ICJ’s judgement. The remainder stayed under Nigerian civil authority for two more years. Fishermen displaced from Bakassi were first settled in a landlocked area called New Bakassi, which they claimed was already inhabited and not suitable for fishermen like them but only for farmers.
On 22 Novemberthe Nigerian Senate passed a resolution declaring that the withdrawal from the Bakassi Peninsula was illegal. The ICJ delivered its judgment on 10 Octoberfinding based principally on the Anglo-German agreements that sovereignty over Bakassi did indeed rest with Cameroon.
Retrieved 5 November — via news. The government took no action, and handed the final parts of Bakassi over to Cameroon on 14 August as planned, but a Federal High Court had stated this should be delayed until all accommodations for resettled Bakassians had been settled; the government did not seem to plan to heed this court order,  and set the necessary mechanisms into motion to override it.
The momentum achieved must be sustained. Bakassi is a peninsula on the Gulf of Guinea. More armed clashes broke out in the early s. However, the area has aroused considerable interest from oil companies in the light of the discovery of rich reserves of high grade crude oil in Nigeria.